Beauty and Makeup

How To Identify The Type of Your Skin?

The skin provides us protection against the various external factors to which we expose ourselves daily. But, when talking about the skin, one of the most delicate areas that deserves greater care is the facial skin.

According to dermatologists and specialists, the pH of the skin has a slight acid tendency (5.5) to protect the epidermis (superficial skin layer) from microorganisms and aggressive agents.

If the pH balance is altered, there is a total change in the structure and normal function, therefore, you will notice that it loses hydration, will be sensitive, will have a dry texture, will look dull and increases the vulnerability to infections and irritations.

Knowing the pH is a simple but important information that will be the first step to maintain radiant and full life skin, the second thing you should know is what facial and makeup products you should use according to your skin type.


The importance of knowing your skin type

To maintain a routine of daily facial care, it is not only enough to have thousands of expensive products, on the contrary, you can have in your hands quality products at a reasonable cost but the important thing is that they are according to your skin type.

Knowing your skin type will tell you how to take care of it effectively. For example, if you know you have dry skin, you should use moisturizers according to the type of skin, the texture and ingredients will keep it as healthy as possible. If you are wondering how you can know that, you should read this article with attention, I will help you detect certain characteristics and signs that can guide you.


What kind of skin you have?


There are four types of skin: normal, dry, oily and mixed skin. Also, there are sensitive skins those that react easily to external agents. Skin types are influenced by genetics. However, our skin may vary according to other factors, such as the passage of age or have a chronic dermatological disease that conditions it.


Normal skin

This type of skin is ideal, it has the perfect balance between adequate production of sebum or natural skin oil and the desired hydration. The amount of sebaceous glands (sebum producers) in this type of skin is less than in oily skin, therefore, it gives you the ability not to be too dry or too oily skin.


Tips to identify it:

  • The texture of your skin is soft.
  • If you look in detail, you will notice that excess brightness is unimportant, it is really subtle and almost null!
  • Normal skin is a skin with a healthy appearance, good hydration and without accentuated imperfections, therefore, dilated pores are not a concern for normal skin.
  • The T zone (forehead, nose, and chin) will not have an oily appearance, on the contrary, the production of sebum or natural oils is in balance with the rest of the skin.
  • This type of skin easily adapts to the seasons, temperatures and environmental conditions, therefore, winter or summer will not be a concern for you, you just have to make sure you follow the proper daily facial routine and your skin will appreciate it.


Dry Skin

Dry skin has a small number of sebaceous glands, so it does not have the sebum necessary to retain moisture in the layers of the skin, resulting in the loss of water through perspiration or any process that accelerates the loss of water such as heat, stress or some physical activity. To help counteract this effect, a daily facial routine is extremely important and, like other skin types, emphasis should be placed on using emollients or moisturizers to preserve proper texture and hydration.


Tips to identify it:

  • The texture of your skin is rough.
  • You observe the dull skin without the characteristic natural shine and small scales may arise in various areas such as the cheeks, this indicates that you have dry skin.
  • In cases where dryness is severe, sensitivity increases and you may notice areas of the face with a reddish color.
  • You may have itchy skin due to lack of hydration and tightness.


Oily skin

Oily skin causes concern in women due to the oily appearance they can keep on the skin during the day. But, I can tell you that having oily skin should not be a problem for you, identify it, use in the daily facial routine the products appropriate to your skin type and you will see the wonderful change it will have.

Skin types have a hereditary factor but, it is important to emphasize that oily skin has a hormonal component and that excessive sebum production can be increased by the use of contraceptives or other hormonal treatments, stages of hormonal change such as adolescence and pregnancy and also, beauty products that can range from makeup to facial care products.

On many occasions pimples appear, a significant number of comedones on the face and often the shoulders, back, and chest. In moderate and severe cases, papules (white or black headless elevations) and pustules (pus center elevations) appear and the skin becomes red and inflamed.


Tips to identify it:

  • The texture of your skin is oily.
  • You observe the shiny skin and not precisely because it is healthy, the excess sebum that your skin produces clogs the pores and the annoying pimples will appear.
  • Blackheads can be located in the T zone and you see pimples in any area of ​​the face.
  • You will notice a very large pores.


Mixed skin

It is a common skin type is women. You will notice that in the mixed skin the two extremes converge in terms of skin type, that is, some areas of the face will have oily skin and other areas will be normal or dry.


Tips to identify it:

  • The texture of your skin may vary in areas where the skin type is normal or dry, occasionally this occurs on the cheeks.
  • In the T zone, the skin texture will be oily.
  • Black spots and enlarged pores can be seen on the nose and sides. Also, by having slightly increased sebum production at the level of the forehead, nose, and chin you can find pimples in these areas.


Sensitive skin

It is a type of reactive skin, that is, it reacts immediately to exposure to external factors (pollution, smoke, extreme temperatures, dust, mites, fragrances, makeup or personal care products, canned foods, spicy and sausages) are Some of the agents that can harm your skin.

Therefore, it is important to choose cosmetic products for sensitive skin that avoid alcohol and fragrances among its ingredients, avoid exposing the skin and making it vulnerable to symptoms of discomfort and irritation. When you go to a dermatologist or specialist, it will provide you with essential knowledge and products to take care of it and keep it healthy.


Tips to identify it:

  • The texture of sensitive skin can be dry or normal in most cases, at the time the allergic reaction occurs it becomes an irregular texture.
  • You notice that when you expose yourself to certain environmental conditions or extreme temperatures, applying certain facial products or eating some food immediately appears small spots or bulky reddish-colored plates on your skin.
  • On certain occasions, you may notice the irritation on your skin without knowing why.
  • The sensitivity reaction is accompanied by itching, burning, and feeling of tightness.